Posted on: October 17th, 2023

Many trends and developments related to the gut microbiome and the food industry are developing at a rapid rate. The gut microbiome research landscape is constantly evolving, making it hard to stay up to date with everything. There are some key trends and areas of interest in the gut microbiome and the food industry that are more relevant than others as of Q4 2023.

Prebiotics and Probiotics

Prebiotics are non-digestible fibers that nourish beneficial gut bacteria, while probiotics are live microorganisms that can provide health benefits when consumed. The food industry is increasingly incorporating prebiotics and probiotics into a wide range of products, including yogurt, fermented foods, and dietary supplements, among others. Prebiotics & probiotics are primarily used to promote gut health.

  • Prebiotic Supplements. Prebiotics are non-digestible fibers that feed and support the growth of beneficial gut bacteria. Prebiotic supplements are available in various forms, such as powders or capsules. They often contain ingredients like inulin, chicory root fiber, or resistant starch.
  • Probiotic Supplements. Probiotics are live microorganisms (usually beneficial bacteria) that can provide health benefits when consumed. Probiotic supplements come in various forms, including capsules, tablets, powders, and gummies.

Fermented Foods

Fermented foods, such as kimchi, kefir, kombucha, and sauerkraut, are gaining popularity due to their potential to introduce beneficial microbes to the gut and support digestive health.

Many fermented foods are natural sources of live probiotics and can be purchased OTC. This has driven many food industry professionals to look more closely into popular fermented foods.

Personalized Nutrition

Advances in microbiome research were leading to the development of personalized nutrition recommendations. Companies were exploring ways to tailor diets and food products based on an individual’s unique gut microbiome composition.

Plant-Based and Fiber-Rich Diets

Diets rich in plant-based foods and dietary fiber were being recognized for their positive impact on gut health. The food industry was responding by creating more plant-based and fiber-rich products.

Functional Foods

Functional foods with added ingredients targeting gut health, such as resistant starches, soluble fibers, and polyphenols, were being developed to appeal to health-conscious consumers.

Gut Microbiome Testing

Companies were offering at-home microbiome testing kits that allowed consumers to analyze their gut microbiota and receive personalized dietary recommendations based on the results.

Synthetic Biology

Researchers were exploring the potential of synthetic biology to engineer probiotics with specific functionalities, potentially offering novel approaches to gut health through food products.

Mood and Mental Health

Emerging research suggests a connection between the gut microbiome and mental health. Food products and supplements marketed as “gut-brain axis” supporters were becoming more prominent.

Potential Concerns for the Gut Microbiome Food Industry

As the food & nutrition industry continues to incorporate gut microbiome-related products into regular staples, some concerns have been raised. Concerns are primarily related to regulating a relatively new industry and how sustainability will affect research & development moving forward.

Regulatory Considerations

Regulatory agencies were beginning to evaluate the need for specific regulations related to probiotics and health claims associated with gut health. Establishing clear guidelines for labeling and marketing was an ongoing process.


Sustainability concerns were driving innovation in gut health products. Companies were exploring ways to make probiotics and prebiotics more environmentally friendly, such as through sustainable sourcing and packaging.

Clinical Research Findings

Ongoing clinical research was uncovering more about the links between the gut microbiome and various health conditions, from obesity and diabetes to autoimmune diseases. The food industry was paying attention to these findings for potential product development opportunities. Clinical research findings will have to be meticulously carried out to find as many positives and negatives as possible.

Given the rapid pace of research in the field of gut microbiome science and its relevance to health, it’s likely that new trends and breakthroughs will continue to emerge at a rapid pace.

Research at Biofortis

Biofortis is dedicated to protecting consumer health throughout the world by delivering a wide range of testing and consultancy services to the food, supplement, and nutrition industries. Biofortis supports this mission in two ways—through clinical trials and sensory and consumer insights testing. We specialize in clinical research targeting foods, ingredients, and dietary supplements that affect body structures, function, and overall health. Contact us with any clinical trial or scientific consulting needs.

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